server.xml doesn’t exist in newer versions of ApacheDS 2. New partitions need to be created using Apache Directory Studio. This can be achieved by right-clicking on the server’s connection in Apache Directory Studio and selecting “Open Configuration” (remember to connect to the server first).
Opening the server’s configuration fails and displays the following error:
Unable to load the configuration. - ERR_04269 ATTRIBUTE_TYPE for OID ads-replenabled does not exist!
This appears to be an issue with the latest milestone (M3) of Apache Directory Studio. To fix this download a Nightly Build/Snapshot from the Apache Directory Studio website.